The boggy regions produce large quantities of peat that, dried by air, is used in both industry and agriculture. In the northwest the soil is either loamy or sandy (and sometimes marshy) and is quite heavily podzolized, or leached out.In the central region, weakly podzolized loamy peats predominate, and it is there that the most fertile, and hence most cultivated, soils are found.Aside from a brief period of independence from 1918 to 1940, Lithuania was occupied by Russia beginning in 1795, was controlled by Germany for a brief period during World War II, and was incorporated into the U. In 1251 he accepted Roman Christianity, and in 1253 he joined the… On March 11, 1990, Lithuania declared its independence by a unanimous vote of its newly elected parliament.Lithuania is also home to hundreds of species of birds, including white storks, ducks, geese, swans, cormorants, herons, hawks, and even an occasional bald eagle.
In the maritime regions, pine forests predominate, and wild rye and various bushy plants grow on the sand dunes.
The climate of the country is transitional between the maritime type of western Europe and the continental type found farther east.
As a result, damp air masses of Atlantic origin predominate, alternating with continental Eurasian and, more rarely, colder Arctic air or air with a southern, tropical origin.
There are wolves, foxes, otters, badgers, ermine, wild boars, and many rodents.
The deep forests harbour elk, stags, deer, beavers, mink, and water rats.